It is a small step for man, a big step for mankind “. This sentence, spoken by Neil Armstrong, represents in itself the significance of this success.
Here is the list of astronauts who has walked on the moon.
The 12 American astronauts to have gone to the Moon:
1 – The American Neil Armstrong has his name forever etched in the history books, as the first man to walk on the moon. Commander of the Apollo 11 mission, he set foot there on July 21, 1969.
His first steps were broadcast to more than 500 million terrestrial viewers. In total, the outing of the Apollo 11 crew lasted approximately 2.5 hours. Neil Armstrong died in 2012 at the age of 82.
2 – Buzz Aldrin of his real name Edwin Aldrin, partner of Neil Armstrong, also set foot on the Moon on July 21, 1969, becoming second on the list. After the success of Apollo 11, he multiplies public appearances.
He even appeared in the movie Transformers 3 in 2011. He also inspired the name of the character of Buzz Lightyear in the film series Toy Story. Born in 1930, he is now 88 years old.
3 – Charles Conrad Junior, says Pete Conrad, was Alan Bean’s teammate. He preceded him on the descent of the Apollo 12 lunar module on November 19, 1969, as the mission commander. Which makes him the 3rd man to walk on the moon?
4 – Alan Bean was born March 15, 1932, in Wheeler, Texas. He carried out his moon landing in November 1969 during the Apollo 12 mission.
With his teammate Charles Conrad Junior, they carried out two spacewalks for a total duration of 7 hours and 45 minutes. The former navy test pilot also made the trip in 1973 to the first space station launched by NASA, called Skylab. He died on May 26 at the age of 86.
5 – Alan Shepard is the first American to go into space, on May 5, 1961, during the Mercury-Redstone 3 flight, during which he will spend three minutes in weightlessness.
Commander of the Apollo 14 mission, he landed on the lunar hills of Fra Mauro on February 5, 1971. He was the first to play golf on the moon. Born in 1923, Alan Shepard died in 1998 at the age of 74.
6 – Edgar Mitchell, was the pilot of the lunar module of the Apollo 14 mission, which made it possible to land his commander Alan Shepard and himself. While his commander was playing golf, Edgar tried his hand at the javelin throw. In total, the duo carried out two spacewalks for a total duration of 9 hours and 22 minutes. Born in 1930, Edgar Mitchell died in 2016 at the age of 85.
7 – David Scott, seventh on the list, is the commander of the Apollo 15 mission, which landed on July 31, 1971. He became the first man to drive a motorized vehicle on the Moon, the Lunar Rover Vehicle.
He will leave on the lunar soil the only work of art of the star to date: a statuette named Fallen Astronaut. Born in 1932, David Scott is now 85 years old.
8 – James Irwin was also part of the Apollo 15 mission, as a pilot of the lunar module. From this experience, he wrote a book of essays and reflections, titled More Than Earthlings (“More Than Earthlings “).
With his teammate David Scott, they carried out four spacewalks for a total duration of 19 hours and 7 minutes. Born in 1930, James Irwin died in 1991 at the age of 61.
9 – John Young, born September 24, 1930, in San Francisco, participated in two NASA missions to the Moon. The one that led it to set foot there is the Apollo 16 mission.
It made its first outing on April 21, 1972. He will bring with his teammate Duke, 96 kilograms of lunar rocks, in 3 outings with the rover for a total duration of 20 hours and 14 minutes. John Young died in January 2018 at the age of 87.
10 – Charles Duke, born October 3, 1935, is the tenth man, and also the youngest, to walk on the moon. He was only 36 years old on April 21, 1972, during the Apollo 16 mission. He is now 82 years old.
11 – Eugene Cernan was born on March 14, 1934. He was recruited in 1963 by NASA, after becoming a fighter pilot in the United States Navy. He was the commander of the Apollo 17 mission and set foot on the moon on December 11, 1972.
12 – Harrison Schmitt, born July 3, 1935, is the only scientist to have walked on the Moon. He obtained a doctorate in geology at Harvard University in 1964.
He was co-pilot of the lunar module during the last excursion to the Moon to date, the Apollo 17 mission. During this expedition, the astronauts made three trips to the lunar surface for a total duration of 22 hours and three minutes.