Networking Switches Vs Routers

Switches and routers are essential components for businesses small and large, and although some people may wonder what the difference is between them, both have different working processes and functionality.

A network switch allows for multiple devices to connect and communicate seamlessly through the LAN, and the router allows for sharing multiple switches and their network devices.

When creating a network, switches and routers are the most vital components needed for a network that runs smoothly and allows all devices to talk to each other, making it easier for data to be transferred and received. Visit here for more information about Routers and Switches.

Here, we will look at the key differences between networking routers and switches and what each piece of equipment does.

What is a Switch?

The main purpose of a networking switch is to facilitate the sharing of information & resources by multiple connected devices, like printers, scanners, servers, computers, etc. Thanks to network switches, the connected devices can communicate with each other by sharing data packages, regardless of where the device is on campus or building. 

Types of Switch

Unmanaged Switches

These switches are commonly found in small networks in homes, labs, small offices, and conference rooms, where fewer ports are required. Unmanaged switches require no configuration and have a plug and play functionality with basic connectivity and security.

Managed Switches

A managed switch has more features and security tools compared to an unmanaged switch and can easily be configured to your network needs. They offer greater flexibility and control over the network while also improving the service quality for anyone on the network.

Benefits of Switches

  • Switches assist connected hosts by reducing the workload.
  • They increase the network bandwidth and performance
  • Transfer data to and from other connected devices
  • Less frame collision 

What is a Router?

Just like a switch connects multiple devices on a network, a router connects multiple switches to create a larger network. A router aims to allow users and network devices to access the internet in different or single locations.

Types of Router

Wireless Router

Wireless routers are the most used router in office buildings or homes, as they do not require wires for connectivity to the network. The connection is secure with authenticated access by a username and password needed to connect.

Wired Router

Broadband routers use a wired ethernet cable from ADSL modems to connect the internet to devices. This form of router is a little outdated since wireless came on the scene, but it is still used in some schools and libraries to connect their PCs with the ethernet cable.

Benefits of Routers

  • Highly secured network with username & password protection
  • They have a collision feature to reduce network traffic
  • Easily configurable the settings and networking policy 
  • Routers provide flow control and traffic isolation

Key Differences 

Both the switch and router are necessary for small and large businesses depending on their needs, and you can find the best switches and routers at ETB Tech, but before you choose between the 2, let’s have a look at the key differences.

  • The principal function of a router is connecting different networks, whereas the switch connects devices to the network.
  • A switch determines the destination of IP packets received and forwards it to its destination. While the router finds the best routes using a routing table to determine the packet’s destination. 
  • A router’s network speed limit is between 1-10mps for wireless and 100mps for wired, whereas it is between 10-100mps for switches.
  • Routers have the option of wired and wireless network connections, whereas switches are restricted to wired connections only.

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