The majority of mobile devices in the world run on the Android operating system. That’s why mobile application development for Android is a very popular direction in the IT field. Learn more details at velvetech.com/android-app-development.
Let’s consider what programming languages you can use if you’re programming for Android.
The basic tech stack for Android development
Before talking about programming languages, we should mention the main tool used by modern Android developers – Android Studio. This is an integrated development environment from Google. It is based on the IntelliJ IDEA from JetBrains.
The tool is an official Android application development tool. It comes as a package with the Android SDK and is a set of specialized tools with appropriate functionality. In fact, it has everything a programmer needs.
Android Studio supports programming languages such as Kotlin, Java, and C++.
The official and most popular programming language that is widely used in mobile Android development. However, the language is popular without Android. It is at the top of the TIOBE rating and one of the first sources on GitHub. That is why if you are planning to become an Android developer, learning Java should be one of the priorities in your schedule.
The language is not easy, but it is worth the effort. In addition, it is difficult to achieve any significant success in Android development without knowing Java at all.
An excellent programming language. And in conjunction with Java, it is even better. Its popularity is growing, and it is also the official language for Android app development. Moreover, in 2019, Google designated it as a priority language for the Android platform.
Kotlin is compatible with Java and is considered easier for beginners. A great programming language for those who are learning to develop for Android. But keep in mind that some experts believe that it is still necessary to know Java. Anyway, with Kotlin, you won’t feel much trouble creating native Android apps.
Google provides developers with two development environments: the SDK for Java and NDK, where the native programming languages are C/C++. Of course, you will not write a full-fledged application using only these languages. However, you can use them to create a library, which you can then connect to the main body of the program using Java.
Unfortunately, most Android developers don’t care about the NDK. However, this tool allows you to get improved performance. And this is also important, especially when we are talking about implementing a good idea on Android.
Many are skeptical about Microsoft products. But C# definitely doesn’t deserve it. The programming language is good and has absorbed the best of Java, eliminating many shortcomings.
As for Android development, it offers functional environments such as Visual and Xamarin Studio. Also, knowing C# will be a great bonus if you get to Unity 3D. But with this set, your possibilities will definitely become limitless.
Android does not support the use of Python when creating native applications. But nothing is impossible, because there are many tools that allow you to compile the code to the desired state. For example, you should mention the Kivy framework, which will help you create an app for the Play Market.
This language is older than Java. However, it is not so popular, although it has dynamic typing, simple syntax and other advantages. It is used in the development of games, as well as mobile cross-platform applications running on Android and not only. For mobile applications, there is a special development environment — the Corona SDK, where Lua is the main tool. The environment is distributed free of charge. Suitable for novice developers and has a lot of useful information.
Web development languages
- Adobe Cordova;
- React Native from Facebook.
Basic4Android is a fairly simple and powerful tool for developing Android applications.
The Basic4Android language itself is very similar to the popular Visual Basic. When developing applications on it, you can use many extra libraries with different functionality. And you don’t need any special runtime tools to run programs.
Basic4Android has a powerful visual designer that supports different screen orientations and sizes. To debug applications, connect an Android emulator or a real device. The language is compatible with all Android versions.
When choosing a programming language, you should take into account the degree of complexity of the tasks you are facing. For example, for more professional and complex applications, it is better to choose a more powerful and complex language. But if we are talking about the implementation of simple products, then Basic4Android is quite suitable.