A Beginner’s Guide To MPLS Networks: By Network Specialists

MPLS networks are the basic binding particle that connects the business activity together. Without these networks, a significant part of the profit would go to a screeching halt.

So, what is this MPLS network all about?

MPLS or Multiprotocol Label Switching is a strategy used by businesses to enhance their connection efficiency. Let’s understand it better.

What Is MPLS?

MPLS is a mechanism used in high-performance telecommunications. It networks direct data from one node to another based on the short path labels by avoiding taking any long communication path.

The productivity of this network works so great that it has become a norm for transferring large data across different medium channels.

The importance can be understood by the fact that it directs the switches to take particular action based on the label. This the functionality of the router speeds up.


  • WAN Management.
  • Lower Congestion.
  • Enhanced Bandwidth.
  • Service Level Agreement.
  • WAN Routing.
  • Practical Applications.
  • Scalable.


  • It takes a long time to deploy.
  • Lack of total control.
  • Lack of encryption.
  • And Yes, It’s expensive.

How Does MPLS Work?

MPLS network converts the routed network to the switched network. It also provides information about the transfer and its transaction speeds which are absent in the traditional IP-routed network.

With the help of the MPLS network, you can improve your data transferring process. Instead of transferring data on a hop-by-hop basis, you can establish a particular source-destination pair.

This predetermined path is also known as Label-Switch Path (LSPs).

Here is how the MPLS transferring process sounds like.

  • When a packet enters the MPLS network, it passes through a Label Edge Router.
  • The packet is then assigned to a Forward Equivalence Class (FEC).
  • Based on FEC, An ingress code is applied to the packet.
  • As the packet moves inside the MPLS network, the routers continue to direct data as per direction on the packet label.
  • Once the data reaches the last router, the label is removed.

MPLS Types

Talking about the MPLS network types, three types of MPLS networks are currently in the market. They are:

  • Layer 2 Point-To-Point: This network is suitable for organizations dealing with a limited number of websites.
  • Layer 3 IP VPN: This type of network is particularly popular when businesses are dealing with multi-sites.
  • Layer 2 Virtual Private LAN Services: This MPLS type of network is currently getting popularity in the market. This network joins Ethernet and MPLS networks allowing both the users and carriers to benefit from the network.

Benefits Of MPLS In Business Connectivity

MPLS promises many things to businesses. The benefits of the MPLS network can certainly be noticed by seeing how they are being adopted by the companies.

Here are a few benefits that will help you understand how implementing an MPLS network in your organization can help your business.

1. Reduced Cost

Compared to the traditional networks used in the organization MPLS network can save upto 25% of the service cost. That being said, businesses that are using different communication mediums can save even more with the implementation of just one network.

2. Scalability

The problem with the traditional was that you needed a hefty investment to scale the whole infrastructure. However, with the MPLS network, you can easily handle the addition of new kinds of data.

3. Better Performance

MPLS has given a performance boost to the organization’s communication. It is MPLS that has reduced the nodes “Stops” & “Hops”. This helps the network distribute data faster and reduce the response time.

4. Increased Reliability

MPLS networks are less likely to overload or crash. This helps the company offer consistent, reliable services to both internal and external customers.

5. Less Hardware To Deal With

The technology of the MPLS network reduces the number of hardware used in the network. Hence, there are fewer devices to maintain by your organization’s IT professionals.

Wrapping It Up

MPLS is the perfect choice for an organization that wants a reliable network to distribute information. It certainly has everything you need.

In this article, we have covered every aspect of the MPLS network you need to know. However, if you didn’t find the things you were looking for, do let us know. We will get to you with a relevant answer.

Hi, I'm Raj Hirvate and I am a Tech Blogger from India. I like to post about technology and product reviews to the readers of my blog. Apart from blogging i'm a big Anime fan I Love Watching Naruto, One piece and Death Note.